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ANALOG FORESTRY DEMONSTRATION SITE Cameroon

                     

                                                                                                                     

FAP ANALOG DEMONSTRATION SITE CAMEROON

Compartments

1.    Integrated plantain suckers and assorted tree species

2.    Assorted fruit trees in orchard

3.    Agroforestry seed bank

4.    Bee apiary

5.    Forest Regeneration and water catchment protection

Analog Forestry is a system of silviculture, which aims to restore the local biodiversity while providing economic opportunities to small-scale farmers

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

             
Objective                                                                                                                                         The objective of the project is establish Analog Forestry Demonstration Plot in 2.5 hectares of land in Bamessing Village, which will include forest regeneration, Bee apiary, medicinal plant garden, seed bank for agroforestry seeds, pinaple , plantain and fruit trees integration
Project goal                                                                                                                                                    The goal of this project is to introduce Analog forestry as a measure of land reclamation and conservation of biodiversity while promoting income generation, food self sufficiency and poverty alleviation for the entire Ngoketunjia division inhabitants.
Planned Activities
1.      Meeting with land lord to ensure ownership of activities in the plot                                                                
2.      Mapping of demonstration site and species identification(survey)
3.      Trainings on bee keeping and
4.      tree nursery/planting
Time line for implementation
1.    Meeting with land lord to ensure ownership of activities in the plot   September to October 2013
2.    Mapping of demonstration site and species identification October to November 2013
3.    Trainings on bee keeping and November
4.    tree nursery/planting March to May 2014                                                      
Expected Results -
1.      Well established Analog Forestry Demonstration plot with the different activities.                                                                                                                  
2.      30 community members trained of Analog forestry plot establishment. (Bee keeping and tree planting)
·         Purchase and installation of 20 KTB modern bee hives and the production of 10 local bee hives
·         Purchase and planting of 1000 assorted tree seedlings and 300 agricultural crops(fruit trees, plantain and pineapple suckers
3.      Increase in knowledge on bee keeping and tree planting              
Outcomes
1.      Increase in vegetation cover and reduction on the effects of climate change.
2.      Increase in biodiversity conservation
3.      Increase in Income of community members from bee keeping
4.      Training center for students and farmers with the North West Region and Cameroon in general.                                                                                                                              
5.      Income from honey , fruits and sales of tree seeds from the demonstration plot.
Achievement according to proposed timeline
Planned activities
Timeline
Achievements
Remarks
1, Meeting with land lord to ensure ownership of activities in the plot
Sept to Oct
Plot was guaranteed for 99 years
Two days meeting held with land stake holders
2, Mapping of demonstration site and species identification
October to November 2013
3.6 ha demarcated instead of 2.5 ha as in project document
See map and survey report below
3,Training on bee keeping
 
November
20 farmers attended the training
The training took place on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd November
4, Tree nursery/planting 
 
March to May 2014
Orchard and agricultural compartment have 880 trees planted
The nursery where these plants were gotten was pre financed by FAP. Close to 500 plants are still in the nursery to be planted between March and May.
Some trees and plantains were planted in early September.
See pictures              
 
Lessons learned see Survey report
 
 
Report on Survey of FAP Demo Plot
Part I
1.1 Introduction
FAP has as activity the establishment of demo units to accompany training activities carried out in the field. It is within this framework that FAP acquire a land at Bamessing to operate field activities, however, some vital information on the plot has not yet been collected making the sustainable, judicious and optimal utilization of the plot difficult. FAP therefore requested the services of COMAID in carrying out a survey of the plot, especially as FAP is interested in engaging into Analog forestry by creating a demonstration unit.
1.2 Objective of survey
To provide basic information on the FAP plot that can enhance the establishment of a sustainable land use plan.
Specific Objective
-          To produce a map of the area
-          To provide the surface areas of the different compartments
-          To provide information on the vegetation of the plot
-          Propose analog forestry design for the plot
1.3 Methodology
-          Field visit
A visit to the site was carried out on the 7th October  and the 23rd November 2013 during wish the following activities were carried out
Ø GPS tracking of the external boundaries and the different compartments of the plot
Ø Transect walk to identify the flora and fauna species
Ø Discussion with the manager of the plot to collect information on the activities carried out in the plot
Ø Identify threats to the biodiversity of the plot
 
-          Analysis
Using ArcView the map of the plot and compartments were produced. A checklist of the plants and animals was also developed.
1.4 Team Composition
-          Jaff Francis – Coordinator of FAP
-          Nyimeh Elvis – Plot Manager
-          James Dquette - US Peace Corps Volunteer with FAP
-          Kenneth Tah – Resource person
2.1 Description of Plot
The FAP plot is found in Bamessing Village of Ndop subdivision at the foot of Sabga Hill. The plot is located between altitudes; N6.00462 and N6.00327, and longitudes E10.34686 and 10.35106. The plot is generally undulating with gently slopes and ranges in altitude from 1243m to 1302m. There are no water sources found within the confines of the plot. It is bordered by a gully on the west, farmland on the south and extensive savannah used for grazing on the north and west. The area is highly degraded with the exposure in some areas of the soil due to the absence of effective vegetation cover. The plot covers a surface area of 3.6 ha.
2.2 Vegetation
The vegetation of the area is dominated mostly by shrubby savannah of the lower submontane type. The vegetation of the area is affected slightly by the presence of the massive sabga hill that ulters the micro-climate of the area. The herbaceous layer is mostly covered by Hyparrhenia, punctuated by stands of the resistant and invasive Chromolina odoratum. The woody plants are characterized by mostly shrubby fire resistant species with predominance of Terminalia mollis, Psilistigma thonnogia, Entanda abyssinica, Annona senegalensis, Lannea and Phyllantus. Introduced species include Cassia, Calliandia, Acacia, Jatropha and Gmelina. See Checklist of Plants
Natural regeneration of the area has been greatly retarded because of the frequent outburst of wildfires and constant trampling of the plants by cattle. The vulnerability of the area to bush fire due to the absence of any fire prevention mechanism like life fences, fire tracing, natural barriers that can stop the advancement of fire into the plot has favored the establishment only of fire resistant species. With the absence of fences, cattle constantly graze in the plot grazing and trampling on seedlings that try to establish.
. However, visiting wildlife to the plot include;
-          Bay duiker
-          Red duiker
-          Patas monkeys
-          Cane rats
-          Olive Baboons
-          Giant rats
-          Squirrels
A good number of reptiles mostly snakes have been spotted in the area as well as many species of submontane savannah bird species and insects.
2.3 Land use
The plot has been subdivided into six compartments with respect to different planned / partially executed activities. The compartments and the sizes are as thus;
 
Compartment
Size(hectares)
Remark
1
Agriculture
1.1
Planted with fruits and fodder species
2
Orchard
1
Planted with different species of fruit tree
3
Medicinal plants
0.1
Planned planting of medicinal species
4
Agro forestry
0.4
Planned introduction of agroforestry
5
Apiary
0.1
Planned installation of hives and planting of melliferous plants
6
Analogue forest
1
Planned introduction of analogue forestry demo
 
Number of species planted in the different compartments
 
Compartment
Species
Number
1
Orchard
 
 
Citrus
12
Pawpaw
36
Grafted pear
8
Soursoup
8
Tree tomato
9
Plum
14
Guava
4
Passion fruit
5
Pineapple
18
2
Agriculture
 
 
Plantain
280
Water melon
50
Carribean groundnut
1
Jatropha (boundary tree)
72
Cassia (boundary tree)
121
Tectonia
150
Gmelina (boundary tree)
Mangoes
100
02
Total
890
 
2.4 Resources
Medicinal Plants       
The plot harbors some native medicinal species of plants like panax (gensing) and pittosporum with the former widely processed and sold commercially. Pittosporum is use locally and also by herbalists in the cure for tooth aches. Vittelaria paradoxa commonly called shear butter is highly demanded in the cosmetics/pharmaceutical industries.
Melliferous plants
A few beeloving plants are also found in the area. These species produce nectar and pollen during the flowering periods that bees use to produce honey, bee bread, propolis that are widely eaten within and out of the area by other wildlife species. This helps in maintaining the dynamism of the ecosystem by inviting other wildlife species to the plot.
Ecotourism values
The strategic situation of the plot at the foot of the famous Sabga hill provides a splendid view of the hill with the numerous occasional spotting of the different wildlife species. If well developed the sub summits found with the plot could serve as ideal positions take some of the best views of the hill.
2.5 Threats to the Biodiversity
-          Bush fires
Bush fire poses a major threat to the survival of the biodiversity in the area. These wildfires result from the unsustainable pastoralist practices carried out by the few graziers that occupy a majority of the vast hills around Sabga. The effects of bushfire are very visible with the exposure of the topsoil and the survival and dominance of only woody fire resistant shrubs.
-          Grazing
Unsustainable pastoralist practices results not only to recurrent bushfires but also to destruction of floral diversity through grazing and trampling. Some of the trees planted in the plot through seedlings and cutting have been eaten and trampled on by cattle. Cattle are allowed to graze around the plot without any effective control leading to destruction of planted seedlings, wildings and cuttings.
Annex 1
Checklist of Plants
 
Species Name
Uses
Conservation status
(IUCN Rating)
1
Vitellaria paradoxa
Use in cosmetic industry
Least concerned
2
Terminalia mollis
Handles
Least concerned
3
Psilistigma thonnogii
 
Least concerned
4
Entada abyssinica
Melliferous
Least concerned
5
Bridelia speciosa
Life fencing
Least concerned
6
Phyllantus sp
 
Least concerned
7
Ficus sp
Life fencing
Least concerned
8
Lannea sp
 
Least concerned
9
Protea madiensis
 
Least concerned
10
Annona senegalensis
Fruit edible
Least concerned
11
Dissortis sp
 
Vulnerable
12
Psorospermum
 
Vulnerable
13
Panax gensing
Medicinal
Least concerned
14
Cussonia djoalensis
 
Least concerned
15
Polyscias fulva
Calving
Least concerned
16
Chromolina odoratum
 
Least concerned
17
Hypericum revolutum
 
Least concerned
18
Helichrysum cymosum
 
Least concerned
19
Coreopsis barteri
Melliferous
Least concerned
20
Aspilia africana
Medicinal
Least concerned
21
Commelina benghalensis
 
Least concerned
22
Cyperus dilatatus
 
Least concerned
23
Dioscorea bulbifera
Tubers edible
Least concerned
24
Dissotis perkinsiae
 
Least concerned
25
Dissotis brazzae
 
Least concerned
26
Mussaenda erythrophylla
Fruits edible
Least concerned
27
Pittosporum viridiflorum
Medicinal
Least concerned
28
Raphia mambillensis
Fruit edible
Least concerned
29
Harungana madagascariensis
Medicinal
Least concerned
30
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
map final.jpgAnnex 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Part II
Assessment of the Plot for Analogue Forestry
1.       Assessment of the surrounding area
1)      General Information
Project :
Organization: FAP
Country : Cameroon
 
2)      Geographical location
Region: North West
Township: Ndop
Geographic Coordinates (GPS Coordinates, UTM Zone 32): 649396, 663893
 
3)      Surrounding area and profile
a)      Environment
Mean temperature: 19.5 – 22 °C
Altitude: 1242m - 1302
Life Zone
Mean relative humidity
Annual precipitation
b)      Physical
-          Topography form: severely undulating (8-16%)
-          Water bodies : streams
c)       Land use
-          Agricultural: Family
-          Forestry: Forest Gardens/Diverse cropping systems
-          Natural Ecosystem: Shrubby savannah
-          Cattle: Grassland
d)      Social and Cultural aspects
-          Native groups
e)      Economic aspects
Mostly farmlands with fruit trees
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.       Assessment of target area
Description of the Evaluation Site
Description of the Evaluation site
Plot name:
1.       Site description                                                                                             Date: 7/10/2013
Elevation : 1242m – 1302m
Location of Plot (GPS Coordinates, UTM Zone 32): 649396, 663893
 
 
 
 
2.       Terrain topography
Slope%: 8 -16%
Relief
Rainfall : 1700mm/yr
Temperature: 19.5 – 22.0°C
Water bodies: none
3.       Management history of the plot
Soil use
crop system:
System
Agroforestry
Period
>15year
 
 
 
 
Cattle system: None           
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Forest : Secondary
Seral stage: second seral stage
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cultural management : none
Fertilization: none
 
 
 
Phyto-sanitary control: none
Turning of soil: artisanal
 
 
 
Irrigation: none
 
 
 
 
4.       Additional information
Frequent bush fires
 
 
 
         
 
 
 
 
 
 
3 Ecological Evaluation of the Plot
Score
Component
Plot
Value
Soil Profile
Agriculture
Orchard
Agroforestry
Apiary
Medicinal
Analog Forest
1-2
Subsoil almost exposed
 
 
1.5
1.5
1
1.5
3-5
Thin topsoil
3
3
 
 
 
 
6-8
Topsoil deeper
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Apparent Density
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
Extremely compact
 
 
 
 
 
 
3-5
Compact
 
4
 
 
 
 
6-8
Not compact
7
 
6
6.5
6.8
6.8
Value
Earthworms
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
No signs of biological activity, no earthworms
 
 
 
 
1.5
2
3-5
30 earthworms/arthropods seen. Small quantities
4
3.5
3
2.5
 
 
6-8
A lot of biological activities. More than 200 earthworms/arthropods
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Vegetation component
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
Little variability of tree and non tree species (1 or at most 3 species present)
 
 
 
 
 
 
3-5
Little variability in species(over 5 species present, few understorey species)
5
5
5
5
4
4
6-8
Much variability of tree and non-tree species (more than 10 tree species present. Epiphytes, shade plants and large leaf understorey plants present)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Faunal Component
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
Very little visible presence
 
 
 
 
 
 
3-5
Little visible presence of birds, mammals, reptiles and insects
3.5
4.5
4
4
3.5
3.5
6-8
Abundant visible presence
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Rate of residual vegetation decomposition
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
Presence of residual organic matter that does not decompose or very slowly
2
2
2
1
1.8
1.2
3-5
Residue is visibly decaying
 
 
 
 
 
 
6-8
Vegetation in various states of decomposition, old residue is well decomposed
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Productivity
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
No productivity systems are in place
 
 
1.8
1.3
1.2
1.4
3-5
System in place either for self-sufficiency or for market production
4.5
5
 
 
 
 
6-8
Systems in place for both self-sufficiency and market production
 
 
 
 
 
 
Value
Productivity Ecological
 
 
 
 
 
 
1-2
Ecological functioning is weak and there is no system for scientific research, tourism or carbon sequestration
1
1
1
1
1
1
3-5
There is some ecological functioning (water quality, soil conservation, habitat and food, bees etc….) Potential to develop systems for scientific research, tourism and carbon sequestration.
 
 
 
 
 
 
6-8
Strong stable ecological functioning and/or systems are stable enough for scientific research, tourism and carbon sequestration.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4 Ecological Web of the Plot
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5 Physiognomic Formula, Gap Analysis and Proposed species for Integration
1 Physiognomic Formula
Plot
Agriculture
Orchard
Agroforestry
Apiary
Medicinal
Analog Forest
Present Formula
V5i,V4p;C1-2a;P3r; G2i
V4p; P3a; G2c
V4p; G2i 
V4p; G2i
V4p; G2i
V4p; G2i
Ideal Formula
V5i,V4r;P3r;R4;G2c
V5r,V4i;C1-4p;P3a;G2i
V5p,V4p;P3a;G2c
V4i;G2i
V5p,V4i;G2c
V7p,V6p,V5r,V4b; C1-6b;X4-5b;G2p
2 Gap Analysis
V4p→r;C1-2a ; R4;G2i→c
V5r,V4p→i; C1-4p;G2i→c
V5p; P3a; G2i→c
V4p→i
V5p,V4p→I, G2i→c
V7p,V6p,V5r,V4 p→; C1-6b;X4-5b;G2i→p
3 Proposed species for integration
Erythrina, Acacia, Leucena, Vetiva,
Njansa
Mango, Avocado, Oranges, Garcinia kola, Passion fruit, Adenia sp, Cashew nut,
Acacia, Leucena, Soya bean
Maesopsis, Acacia, Leucena, Erythrina,
Sesbania,
Tephrosia,
Soya beans
Calliandra,
Acacia,
Leucena,
Callistemon, Croton, Entada
Neem, Prunus, Moringa, Pittosoprum
Khaya, Canariu m;,Pseudospondias, Albizia, Entandrophragma, Trema, Landophia
 
6 Proposed Analog Forest Designs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
general map
 


 
 
Visiting the AF Demo plot by Grover Stock IAFN trainer on the right, Jaff Francis FAP NGO coordinator in the middle and Wirsiy Eric CAFON president on the left , Elvis and Perry all staff of Cendep and FAP NGO still on the left.
 
 
 
 
Visiting Rich Forest, IAFN trainer and CAFON president to AF demo plot Bamessing Cameroon
 
Pineapple plant in the Demo plot
Grafted mango tree in the AF Demo plot
Citrus plant in the orchard
Plantain plant in the AF Demo Plot
 
Cross section of the Agric compartment in the demo plot
                            
Passion fruits in the AF Demo plot
  
Tree tomato
 
 
Guava tree
 
 
 
 
Pawpaw tree in the AF Demo plot
 
Gensin Panax Plant around AF Demo plot
 
  
Gensin Pantax plant
  
Maesopses plants in the nurseries
Cassia spectabilis in the nursery
 
Albizia Lebeck in the Nursery
 
 
 
                                            
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plantain suckers in the nursery pending planting in May 2014
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Partners                                                                       
Cameroon Analog Forestry Network (CAFON) 
                                     

Divisional delegation of Agriculture and rural development (MINADER)                                                                                  

Divisional Delegation of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF)

Divisional delegation of Environment, Nature Protection and Sustainable development (MINEPDEP)